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The dumbest thing one can do is to fall in love at first sight.I mean life is hard enough to deal with in lonely times. and we all have them. Times of yearning and longing. They happen. But their is a difference between a general lonliness and missing someone. Think about it. Sitting at home by yourself is one thing, but sitting at home alone wish you could hold that one person or talk to them. Sometimes your spouse or partner can be in the room and you still are lonely for the first one. That one that stole your heart. I am not talking about grade school infatuation, i mean that one that made life make sens. The one that makes you wonder how would my mix of genes have been afected by the experience of being with them. where would we be. Where would I be. WHO would I be. Longing and searching are universal. The problem comes about when we have an object to our longing.

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Survival Part II

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Basics

There are a few basics that need to be addressed first. These should be considered the bare essentials. They can be incorporated into a pack for the home, vehicle or to be carried on the person. We will look at items for an everyday carry (EDC) pack that can be carried on your person reasonably in most everyday situations. We will address the items needed in a vehicle kit and explore 72 hour survival kits for the home in case of natural disaster. This last bag can also serve as a go bag or a bug-out bag.

You need to be prepared for the following difficulties.

  • Anxiety in yourself and others (can become fear)
  • Heat and cold
  • Elements
  • Injury
  • Fatigue (physical and mental)
  • Thirst and hunger

You can prepare for each of these and by preparing, you can minimize the first – anxiety.

Essentials

  • ·        Heat
  • ·        Shelter
  • ·        Water
  • ·        Signaling
  • ·        Food

The items that are used to provide these essentials will become the basis for our survival kits and packs. A reminder that these are survival essentials. We are not discussing the comfort items such as sleeping pads or camp shoes.

Body Temperature Regulation

There are two extremes that you need to be concerned with in a survival situation: cold and heat. There is sometimes a tendency to think that you are just going for a day hike or that you are just going for a short drive. Perhaps you are just returning home or going to work. Whether in a day pack or a vehicle kit, you need means to regulate body heat based on the environment. In some locations such as the desert you could be challenged by both heat and cold in a matter of hours.

In cold weather. You will need to produce body heat while reducing heat loss (shelter). In hot weather, you want to reduce heat with shade (shelter) while encouraging heat loss. In both situations, hydration is important.

As part of our bare essentials we need shelter and insulating layers of clothing, means to produce heat and means to obtain and purify water.

Heat

Fire. Warmth. Heat. Whatever the word you choose to use, I feel this is the first on our list of essentials for one main reason: hypothermia. The following information comes from the Mayo Clinic.

“Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia (hi-po-THUR-me-uh) occurs as your body temperature passes below 95 F (35 C).

Symptoms

Shivering is your body’s automatic defense against cold temperature — an attempt to warm itself. Constant shivering is a key sign of hypothermia. Signs and symptoms of moderate to severe hypothermia include:

  • ·        Shivering
  • ·        Clumsiness or lack of coordination
  • ·        Slurred speech or mumbling
  • ·        Stumbling
  • ·        Confusion or difficulty thinking
  • ·        Poor decision making, such as trying to remove warm clothes
  • ·        Drowsiness or very low energy
  • ·        Apathy or lack of concern about one’s condition
  • ·        Progressive loss of consciousness
  • ·        Weak pulse
  • ·        Slow, shallow breathing

A person with hypothermia usually isn’t aware of his or her condition, because the symptoms often begin gradually and because the confused thinking associated with hypothermia prevents self-awareness.

Hypothermia isn’t always the result of exposure to extremely cold outdoor temperatures. An older person may develop mild hypothermia after prolonged exposure to indoor temperatures that would be tolerable to a younger or healthier adult — for example, temperatures in a poorly heated home or in an air-conditioned home.

Symptoms of mild hypothermia not related to extreme cold exposure are nearly identical to those of more severe hypothermia, but may be much less obvious. Signs and symptoms of mild hypothermia may include:

  • ·        Shivering
  • ·        Faster breathing
  • ·        Trouble speaking
  • ·        Confusion
  • ·        Lack of coordination
  • ·        Fatigue
  • ·        Increased heart rate
  • ·        High blood pressure

Hypothermia in infants

·         Typical signs of hypothermia in an infant include:

  • ·        Bright red, cold skin
  • ·        Very low energy

When your body temperature drops, your heart, nervous system and other organs can’t work correctly. Left untreated, hypothermia can eventually lead to complete failure of your heart and respiratory system and to death.

Hypothermia is most often caused by exposure to cold weather or immersion in a cold body of water. Primary treatments for hypothermia are methods to warm the body back to a normal temperature.[1]

Staying warm in cold weather

 Before you or your children step out into cold air, remember the advice that follows with the simple acronym COLD — cover, overexertion, layers, dry:

Cover. Wear a hat or other protective covering to prevent body heat from escaping from your head, face and neck. Cover your hands with mittens instead of gloves. Mittens are more effective than gloves because mittens keep your fingers in closer contact with one another.

Overexertion. Avoid activities that would cause you to sweat a lot. The combination of wet clothing and cold weather can cause you to lose body heat more quickly.

Layers. Wear loose fitting, layered, lightweight clothing. Outer clothing made of tightly woven, water-repellent material is best for wind protection. Wool, silk or polypropylene inner layers hold body heat better than cotton does.

Dry. Stay as dry as possible. Get out of wet clothing as soon as possible. Be especially careful to keep your hands and feet dry, as it’s easy for snow to get into mittens and boots.

Keeping children safe outdoors

 The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests the following tips to help prevent hypothermia when children are outside in the winter:

  • ·        Dress infants and young children in one more layer than an adult would wear in the same conditions.
  • ·        Limit the amount of time children spend outside in the cold.
  • ·        Have children come inside frequently to warm themselves.

WINTER CAR SAFETY

 Whenever you’re traveling during bad weather, be sure someone knows where you’re headed, and at what time you’re expected to arrive. That way, if you get into trouble on your way, emergency responders will know where to look for your car. It’s also a good idea to keep emergency supplies in your car in case you get stranded. Supplies may include several blankets, matches, candles, a first-aid kit, dry or canned food, and a can opener. Travel with a cellphone if possible. If you’re stranded, put everything you need in the car with you, huddle together and stay covered. Run the car for 10 minutes each hour to warm it up. Make sure a window is slightly open and the exhaust pipe isn’t covered with snow while the engine is running.

Take the following precautions to avoid alcohol-related risks of hypothermia.

Don’t drink alcohol:

  • ·        If you’re going to be outside in cold weather
  • ·        If you’re boating
  • ·        Before going to bed on cold nights

Cold-water safety

 Water doesn’t have to be extremely cold to cause hypothermia. Any water that’s colder than normal body temperature causes heat loss. The following tips may increase your survival time in cold water, if you accidentally fall in:

Wear a life jacket. If you plan to ride in a watercraft, wear a life jacket. A life jacket can help you stay alive longer in cold water by enabling you to float without using energy and by providing some insulation. Keep a whistle attached to your life jacket to signal for help.

Get out of the water if possible. Get out of the water as much as possible, such as climbing onto a capsized boat or grabbing onto a floating object.

Don’t attempt to swim unless you’re close to safety. Unless a boat, another person or a life jacket is close by, stay put. Swimming will use up energy and may shorten survival time.

Position your body to minimize heat loss. Use a body position known as the heat escape lessening position (HELP) to reduce heat loss while you wait for assistance. Hold your knees to your chest to protect the trunk of your body. If you’re wearing a life jacket that turns your face down in this position, bring your legs tightly together, your arms to your sides and your head back.

Huddle with others. If you’ve fallen into cold water with other people, keep warm by facing each other in a tight circle.

Don’t remove your clothing. While you’re in the water, don’t remove clothing. Buckle, button and zip up your clothes. Cover your head if possible. The layer of water between your clothing and your body will help insulate you. Remove clothing only after you’re safely out of the water and can take measures to get dry and warm.[2]

See also http://seagrant.umn.edu/coastal_communities/hypothermia

http://www.altitude.org/hypothermia.php

One important thing to note is that hypothermia can begin to set in at warmer temperatures than you expect.


[1] (Mayo Clinic)

[2] (Mayo Clinic)